The bed of xerophytic plants recalls the driest part of the Italian territory, specifically the driest and hottest southern areas of our country, which are increasingly affected by climate change and the scarcity of water resources.
The arid garden is intended to be a resilient approach to the problem of increasing water scarcity linked to the progress of global warming. This phenomenon forces us to rethink the design of green spaces by adopting a series of measures to limit water consumption as much as possible without sacrificing the aesthetic beauty of the garden.
This plant bed recreates an ecosystem with low water requirements which is almost completely self-sufficient in terms of maintenance and care of the greenery, thus reducing management costs and the impact on the environment.
The herbaceous and shrub species found in the arid garden are among those most common in Italy, which have adapted to these drought situations, namely: Asphodelus ramosus, Capparis spinosa, Rosmarinus officinalis, Stipa tenuissima, Teucrium fruticans and Thymus vulgaris.
The practice of 'xeriscaping' was introduced in the 1980s by the Denver Water Department to reduce the use of water into the garden and thus safeguard this resource. Well-established abroad and still being experimented in Italy, this technique makes it possible to design gardens and landscapes with a certain scarcity of water and minimum use of fertilizers, thanks to plants that live in drought conditions.